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Below is some of the research on the Spiritual AIM model, as well as in the areas of spiritual assessment and related topics.


Shields M, Kestenbaum A, Dunn LB. Spiritual AIM and the work of the chaplain: a model for assessing spiritual needs and outcomes in relationship. Palliat Support Care. 2015 Feb;13(1):75-89. DOI: 10.1017/S1478951513001120

Kestenbaum A, Shields M, James J, Hocker W, Morgan S, Karve S, Rabow MW, Dunn LB. What Impact Do Chaplains Have? A Pilot Study of Spiritual AIM for Advanced Cancer Patients in Outpatient Palliative Care. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2017 Nov;54(5):707-714. DOI: 10.1016/j.jpainsymman.2017.07.027

Kestenbaum, A, Kelly A. McEniry, KA, Friedman, S, Kent, J, Ma, JD & Roeland, EJ. Spiritual AIM: assessment and documentation of spiritual needs in patients with cancer. Journal of Health Care Chaplaincy. 2021, DOI: 10.1080/08854726.2021.2008170

Kestenbaum, Allison & Fitchett, George & Galchutt, Paul & Labuschagne, Dirk & Varner Perez, Shelley & Torke, Alexia & Kamal, Arif. (2021). Top Ten Tips Palliative Care Clinicians Should Know About Spirituality in Serious Illness. Journal of Palliative Medicine. DOI: 10.1089/jpm.2021.0522.

Varner Perez, Shelley & Maiko, Saneta & Burke, Emily & Slaven, James & Johns, Shelley & Smith, Olivia & Helft, Paul & Kozinski, Kathryn & Torke, Alexia. (2021). Spiritual Care Assessment and Intervention (SCAI) for Adult Outpatients with Advanced Cancer and Caregivers: A Pilot Trial to Assess Feasibility, Acceptability, and Preliminary Effects. American Journal of Hospice and Palliative Medicine. DOI: 10.1177/10499091211042860.

Ghaempanah, Zeinab & Rafieinia, Parvin & Sabahi, Parviz & Hosseini, Shahrokh & Memaryan, Nadereh. (2020). Spiritual Problems of Women with Breast Cancer in Iran: A Qualitative Study. Health, Spirituality and Medical Ethics. 7. 9-15. DOI: 10.29252/jhsme.7.1.9.

Hall, E. & Hughes, Brian & Handzo, G.. (2019). Time to follow the evidence – Spiritual care in health care. Ethics, Medicine and Public Health. 9. 45-56. DOI: 10.1016/j.jemep.2019.04.011.

Fitchett, George & Pierson, Anna & Hoffmeyer, Christine & Labuschagne, Dirk & Lee, Aoife & Levine, Stacie & Omahony, Sean & Pugliese, Karen & Waite, Nancy. (2019). Development of the PC-7, a Quantifiable Assessment of Spiritual Concerns of Patients Receiving Palliative Care Near the End of Life. Journal of Palliative Medicine. 23. DOI: 10.1089/jpm.2019.0188.

Kestenbaum, A., James, J., Morgan, S. et al. “Taking your place at the table”: an autoethnographic study of chaplains’ participation on an interdisciplinary research team. BMC Palliat Care 14, 20 (2015). DOI: 10.1186/s12904-015-0006-2

Emanuel, Linda & Handzo, George & Grant, George & Massey, Kevin & Zollfrank, Angelika & Wilke, Diana & Powell, Richard & Smith, Walter & Pargament, Kenneth. (2015). Workings of the human spirit in palliative care situations: A consensus model from the Chaplaincy Research Consortium. BMC palliative care. 14. 29. DOI: 10.1186/s12904-015-0005-3.

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